September 8

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Discussion Summary:

  • Differences between phenomenography and phenomenology: phenomenography describes the range of experiences that participants have, while phenomenology looks for commonalities "the essence of an experience" across many participants
  • Who did constructivism originate with? Piaget, Vygotsky (social constructivism), Driver, Ausubel, others
  • Who/what you cite in a research paper depends on the field and the journal, but should include both original theory and current publications in the field
  • Qualitative methods books are a good resource for understanding the assumptions, limitations, and possible research questions for different theories
  • A theoretical framework (sometimes called a conceptual framework) includes all of the theory, research literature, and constructs you are basing your work on, all connected and layered on each other. This can often be represented by a web of related concepts and constructs
  • In a paper, illustrate how the theoretical framework/conceptual framework is used in the study
  • Don't have to stick to one established theoretical framework, can use pieces from multiple other theories/frameworks
  • Provide operational definitions for terms and indicate how you are using them
  • Important to consider what questions are answered by a theoretical framework and how it informs all the aspects of research
  • There is not much consensus in the community (biology/chemistry/science education research) about theoretical frameworks in research